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中国科学院东亚区域气候-环境重点实验室是经中国科学院批准,在原中国科学院大气物理研究所全球变化东亚区域研究中心基础上成立的开放实验室。研究领域包括东亚区域环境、气候变化等全球变化研究的诸多方面,多学科交叉研究是本实验室的基本特色。同时,实验室还承...
【学术报告】Prof. Atul K Jain,Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA

报告题目:The Interactions between Biogeophysical and Biogeochemical Processes and their

                    Feedbacks on Permafrost Soil Carbon Stocks

    人:Prof. Atul K Jain

        位:Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,

                    USA

        间:2016720日上午10:00-11:30

        点:大气所40号楼319会议室

 

The terrestrial Northern high-latitude (NHL) regions above permafrost are considered to be most vulnerable

to climate change, and the dynamics of carbon fluxes in these regions is likely to have tremendous impacts

for the future global climate. One of the challenges in more detailed Earth system models (ESMs) is the

treatment of the biophysical and biogeochemical processes and feedbacks and their impact on soil

organic carbon in NHL. In this talk, I will investigate the feedbacks between the biogeochemical and

biogeophysical processes and their impacts on a model estimated soil organic carbon (SOC) for the NHL

permafrost region using a land surface model, the Integrated Science Assessment Model (ISAM). We

not only focus on recent model improvements in the biogeophysical processes that are deemed important

for the high latitude soils/snow; such as deep soil column, modulation of soil thermal and hydrological

properties, wind compaction of snow, and depth hoar formation; on permafrost SOC; but also biogeo-

chemical processes; such as dynamic phenology and root distribution, litter carbon decomposition rates and

nitrogen amount remaining; on soil biogeochemistry. We select multiple sites to evaluate the model. We then

carried out several model simulations to study the effects of feedbacks between biogeochemical and bio-

geophysical processes on SOC. Our model analysis shows that including the biogeophysical processes alone

could increase modeled NHL permafrost carbon by about 30%. Accounting for the biogeochmical processes

further improve the NHL soil carbon.

 

Atul Jain is a Professor in the Department of Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Illinois. Dr. Jain's

research focuses on understanding how interactions among the climate system alter the carbon cycle, and to

provide useful projections of future changes in global carbon and resultant future climate change. His research

goal is to provide the required scientific understanding about how the components of Earth's climate system

interact; it is motivated by the practical and pressing issue of human induced climate change. Dr. Jain's has

won numerous awards and honors, including the National Science Foundation's Faculty Early Career

Development Award. He has served as a lead and contributing author for major assessments of the Inter-

governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). He is the author of over 150 scientific articles, including highly

cited articles in Nature and Science, most relating to global climate change as affected by both human activities

and natural phenomena. He also directs a number of research projects primarily oriented towards improving

our understanding of the impacts that man-made and natural trace gases may be having on the Earth's climate.

Dr. Jain received a Ph.D. in atmospheric sciences from the Indian Institute of Technology.

 


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